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Last Name - 64719



Value: This unusual and interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational name from some minor, or unrecorded place, perhaps a lost village, believed to have been situated in Staffordshire because of the high incidence of recordings in that county. The widespread practice of enforced 'clearing' of rural lands to make way for sheep pastures from the 15th Century onwards, along with natural causes such as the Black Death of 1348, in which an eighth of the population perished, was responsible for the disappearance of an estimated seven to ten thousand villages throughout Britain. The component elements of this placename are the Olde English pre 7th Century 'cruc', cross, or the British (pre-Roman) 'cruc', hill, with the Olde English 'leah', wood, grove. Locational surnames, such as this, were originally given as a means of identification to those who left their birthplace to settle elsewhere, and were subsequently known by the name of their former village. Regional and dialectal differences gave rise to several variations on the original spelling of the name which, in the modern idiom, is found as: Crichley, Critchley, Crutchley and Critchlow. On November 21st 1594, Alicia Critchley, an infant, was christened in Penkridge, Staffordshire. A Coat of Arms granted to the Critchley family is a shield divided quarterly red and silver with a black martlet in the second and third quarter, the Crest being a harp vert. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Nicholas Crycheloe, which was dated February 1539, witness at a christening, at Alstonfield, Staffordshire, during the reign of King Henry V111, known as 'Bluff King Hal', 1509 - 1547. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to 'develop' often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.


Forty-five finds pleasure in her heart,
Out of which she fashions her designs.
Richness is entirely within,
The mirror of the mirror of our art.
Yet what we wish is less than what we find.

- Genealogical tree of family - Trungu gjenealogjik i një familjeje të familjes - شجرة النسب العائلية - Родословно дърво на семейството - Családfa családi - Genealogical cây của gia đình - Árbore Xenealoxía da familia - Stamboom van de familie - Γενεαλογικό δέντρο της οικογένειας - Genealogical træ i familien - אילן יוחסין של המשפחה - Pohon silsilah keluarga - Árbol genealógico de la familia - L'albero genealogico della famiglia - Arbre genealògic de la família - 族譜樹的家庭 - 가족의 가계도 - Ģenealoģiskie koku ģimenes - Genealoginiai medį šeimos - Ġenealoġiċi siġra tal-familja - Stammbaum der Familie - Genealogiske treet av familien - Drzewo genealogiczne rodziny - Árvore genealógica da família - Arbore genealogic al familiei - Генеалогическое древо семьи - Генеалошко стабло породице - Genealogické strom rodiny - Genealoško drevo družine - Puno ng angkan ng pamilya - เกี่ยวกับวงศ์วานต้นไม้ของครอบครัว - Aile soyağacı - Генеалогічне древо семьи - Genealogical puu perhe - Arbre généalogique de la famille - परिवार की वंशावली - Genealoško stablo obitelji - Genealogický strom rodiny - Genealogical träd i familjen - Genealogical tree pere - 家族の家系ツリー -
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