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Bruce

ЗНАЧЕННЯ: This ancient and distinguished surname, so celebrated in the history of Scotland, is of Norman-French origin, and is a locational name either from an extensive fortress, built by Adam de Brus at Brix between Cherbourg and Valognes, Normandy, and called 'Chateau d'Adam', after him, or from Brieuze, a place two leagues from Falaise in Normandy. The surname was introduced into England by the Normans during the Conquest of 1066, the first recorded namebearer (below) being the leader of the Brus contingent in the Army of William the Conqueror. Other Norman knights granted lands in England were Robert de Brus (Clerkenwell, Middlesex, 1152), and Richard de Brus (Essex, 1274). The first of the family connected with Scotland was a son of Robert de Bru(i)s of Yorkshire, known as Robert le Meschin, who was a companion to King David 1 of Scotland at the English Court. He was granted the lands of Annandale circa 1124 - 1130 in a charter which reads, 'Know that I (David by the grace of God King of Scots) have given and granted to Robert Brus, Estrahanent (the valley of the Annan) ... . Robert, The Bruce, (1274 - 1329), was crowned king of Scotland in 1306, and consolidated Scottish independence when he defeated the English forces of Edward 11 at Bannockburn in 1314. His brother, Edward, was crowned King of Ireland in 1315. The Bruce family hold the titles of barons of Kinloss, barons of Aberdare, earls of Elgin, and earls of Kincardine. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert de Bruis, which was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book of Yorkshire, during the reign of King William 1, known as 'William the Conqueror', 1066 - 1087. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to 'develop' often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.


 
- Genealogical tree of family - Trungu gjenealogjik i një familjeje të familjes - شجرة النسب العائلية - Родословно дърво на семейството - Családfa családi - Genealogical cây của gia đình - Árbore Xenealoxía da familia - Stamboom van de familie - Γενεαλογικό δέντρο της οικογένειας - Genealogical træ i familien - אילן יוחסין של המשפחה - Pohon silsilah keluarga - Árbol genealógico de la familia - L'albero genealogico della famiglia - Arbre genealògic de la família - 族譜樹的家庭 - 가족의 가계도 - Ģenealoģiskie koku ģimenes - Genealoginiai medį šeimos - Ġenealoġiċi siġra tal-familja - Stammbaum der Familie - Genealogiske treet av familien - Drzewo genealogiczne rodziny - Árvore genealógica da família - Arbore genealogic al familiei - Генеалогическое древо семьи - Генеалошко стабло породице - Genealogické strom rodiny - Genealoško drevo družine - Puno ng angkan ng pamilya - เกี่ยวกับวงศ์วานต้นไม้ของครอบครัว - Aile soyağacı - Генеалогічне древо семьи - Genealogical puu perhe - Arbre généalogique de la famille - परिवार की वंशावली - Genealoško stablo obitelji - Genealogický strom rodiny - Genealogical träd i familjen - Genealogical tree pere - 家族の家系ツリー -
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Генеалогическое древо семьи