LIST OF THE POPULATION OF RUSSIA

The register of births represents set of chronological birth records, marriage and death in the established form. It is the register of acts of civil status.
By the principle of documenting and storage share on parish and konsistorsky. Are in funds of spiritual consistories: periodic yearly extracts ("extracts") from parish registers of births, copies of some parish registers of births. The Konsistorsky copy including metric notebooks of the birth, marriage, death in one year on all arrivals of one district or city reached 1000-1200 sheets. The parish copy had other structure. It included records of births, marriages and death only of one arrival for some years, depending on arrival number. Till 1840-50th the parish register of births included all types of registration, and later each type of registration was conducted in the separate book. The volume of the parish register of births most often was about 200-250 sheets. The documents issued on the basis of a konsistorsky copy had full validity. Records in registers of births were made right after commission of the act, and records about marriage were verified with obyskny books. For Jews there was a monthly and annual control of spiritual boards and annual - the City Councils verifying metric records. Since the end of the XIX century a duty to keep registers of births about the military personnel on regiments were assigned to military priests.
On the basis of entries in registers of births birth certificates (vypis) were granted. Under the law registers of births were considered as the judicial proof: on them were verified the birth certificate at contest of authenticity of the last.
In the absence of registers of births or at doubtfulness of their records ispovedny lists, family trees, city narrow-minded books, official lists and revizsky fairy tales were accepted to the proof of the birth (and also vypis from churches where the been born is baptized), in addition they were confirmed by indications of witnesses, being at a baptism.
In the absence of registers of births as proof of the marriage union in this case obyskny books, ispovedny lists and such documents, as were accepted: certificates of class establishments, passports, judgments, i.e. the documents proving that these persons were called as spouses. In special cases consequences of the spiritual power which interrogated pricht, the witnesses crowning marriage, being at marriage and, in general, the persons knowing about reliability of marriage were carried out.
In the absence of registers of births, the death fact was also proved by medical documents and testimony.
Regional archives: funds of spiritual consistories, spiritual boards, diocesan managements, parish churches.
Universal maintaining registers of births was established for orthodox clergy in 1722, but correct maintaining metrics took root not soon as it is visible from a large number of the decrees of the Synod confirming need of the correct maintaining registers of births and supervision over it. Such decrees were issued in 1779, 1802, 1812, 1824, etc.
In 1838 by the Synod it was established that pricht monthly testified and signed books, designating, how many in the expired month died, was born and contracted marriage and that parents, vospriyemnik and witnesses of the ratified fidelity of record. The same decree 1838 established a new form of metrics. New decrees of the Synod with the address of attention to malfunction of maintaining registers of births, meet in 1838, 1886, 1889, 1890, 1903. In the decree 1903 the attention to a large number arriving "on permission of the Consistory and St. is paid. The synod of cases of corrections in metrichesikh books of the wrong records and about entering into these books of the passed acts of the births, marriages and death".
The blank forms collected in metric notebooks were issued to parish priests from consistories or spiritual boards. Correctness of filling of metrics was controlled decent, checking the current documentation of subordinated churches each half a year. In order to avoid forgeries, mistakes, omissions responsibility for each record was conferred on all church pricht.
Registers of births were kept in duplicate: one went for storage in archive of a consistory (establishment with church and administrative and judicial functions who submitted to the diocesan bishop), the second - remained in church.
The Konsistorsky copy including metric notebooks of the birth, marriage, death in one year on all arrivals of one district or city reached 1000-1200 sheets. The parish copy had other structure. It included records of births, marriages and death only of one arrival for some years, depending on arrival number. Till 1840-50th the parish register of births included all types of registration, and later each type of registration was conducted in the separate book. The volume of the parish register of births most often was about 200-250 sheets. The documents issued on the basis of a konsistorsky copy had full validity. Records in registers of births were made right after commission of the act, and records about marriage were verified with obyskny books.
Participants of sacrament (parents and vospriyemnik at a baptism, the groom or guarantors when wedding) could examine the record made in a metrics and confirm her fidelity in the corresponding column.
In registers of births it was recorded by priests from words therefore a large number of household (colloquial) names of the occupied places found reflection in records (and, perhaps, and their parts).
Registers of births represent registration of church ceremonies, but not the fact of the birth, marriage or death. Do not receive a baptism deadborn, and also the dead soon after the birth, they can not get to metrics about the been born. On the other hand in Christian metrics except the been born bring cases of a baptism of adults. The babies who died to a baptism over which the burial ceremony, and also suicides is not made can also not get to registers of births about the dead at Orthodox Christians. On military spiritually department it was directly forbidden to bring deadborn in metrics. In provinces or dioceses where the population was very scattered and arrivals are dragged extremely out, such as in Siberia, quite often the dead were forcedly buried without participation of clergy and, respectively, did not get to registers of births.


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